Exfoliating Acids in Skincare Routine: Beginner’s Guide to Chemical Exfoliation (AHA & BHA)

Exfoliating Acids in Skincare Routine: Beginner’s Guide to Chemical Exfoliation (AHA & BHA)

Articles Blog

Will my face burn off if I use all
of these exfoliating acids together, I know these help brighten
and smooth out my skin, but what exactly are these acids
and how does it work, could they be layered, mixed how
much chemical exfoliation is too much, Help help. Hey guys welcome back, so today we’re gonna be talking
all about chemical exfoliation, and in particular two particular ones
that we’ve seen everywhere AHA and BHA or a ahas and bhas, Aha bha. these AHAs and BHAs can be found
in toner serums face mask moisturizes, all the things, basically everything, and
then you’re kind of questioning, okay what does it do, and
will it burn off my face, and how much is too much, so today we’re gonna talk about what
exactly is chemical exfoliation, what’s the difference
between AHA and BHA, how often to use them, and what’s the
best acids for different skin types, because I have oily combination sensitive, and I have dry combination dehydrated,
so there is something for all of you, for all of us, before we get into the video, we just want to remind you guys
we now have merchandise, there’s t-shirts mugs sweaters hoodies, then we also have channel membership,
we officially turn it on this past week, next to our subscribe button you’ll
see a join button, and if you press that, it’ll come up with this pop-up, so basically it’s true extra
videos a month, exclusive content just for you guys who
subscribe to it, so make sure to check that out, and without further ado,
let’s get into exfoliating acids, To start what exactly is chemical exfoliation
how is it different from physical exfoliation, the main difference between chemical and
physical exfoliation is pretty straightforward, when you’re using a
physical exfoliator, you’re generally using
something to scrub the face, yeah so it’s either dry
brushes clarisonic brushes, towels things with the
little beads in there, scrubs yeah, or even the peeling gels, so these physical
exfoliants and scrubs definitely do work, but the main thing is it’s
important to be gentle, because it could cause micro tears
in your skin and your epidermis, if you’re not careful enough, yeah and I think you hear a lot of
this with physical face scrubs, because they contain walnut shells
and other kind of like nut shells which sound really natural, but they can actually be really abrasive
and cause your skin to tear, it’s kind of like sandpaper on wood, but that’s not saying all physical
exfoliators are bad, if you use like Fresh has a sugar scrub
which is really gentle, that’s also really good at
buffing away dead skin, but moving on to
chemical exfoliation, which is what our
video is mainly about, there’s two types AHA and BHA,
so with chemical exfoliants, even though it sounds really intense especially
when you talk about acids, you’re like wait burning my face, but it’s actually a lot gentler and maybe
even a little more efficient and reactive at removing dead skin cells without
physically rubbing or like scrubbing, yeah because actually these chemicals
are naturally derived a lot of the time like AHA, but you only need to know
two main things, they’re basically there to unstick the glue
that holds your dead skin together which is what causes breakouts
and clogged pores, and it also helps to increase the
cell regeneration so that your skin isn’t dull, bing
bing all the time, so remember there’s two things, s so let’s jump into AHA which is
alpha hydroxy acid, so even though AHA are acids, it’s actually derived from natural substances
like sugar cane or apples or fruits or , yeah actually I have an example here, so this is the Origins High-Potency
Night-A-Mins fruit derived AHA, and this one’s actually made from
grapes and sugar beets, so those are the fruits, so that’s what
it means when it’s naturally derived, it’s like the chemical is extracted
from these things, and because it’s derived from these
natural substances and ingredients, it’s suitable for all skin types, and it’s gentle enough for
everyone to use, so for me when I have
really dry flaky skin, it helps remove the dead skin
that’s just flaking, and for someone like Felicia AHAs are also
gentle enough to use for oily and acne blemishes prone skin, so the thing to remember with
AHA is that it’s water soluble which means it can’t penetrate into the
pores as deep as its paternal twin the BHA, will delve into it a little bit later but it helps nourish the skin, it helps
to unstick unglue any of the old dead skin that’s keeping you from
looking like glowy gloss skin, so there are many
different types of AHAs, and today we’re just going
to focus on four, so there is glycolic lactic
mandelic and malic acid, so let’s start with glycolic acid was
like the monarch of all the AHAs, so it is usually found
in sugar crops, and because of its smaller
molecular size, it means that it can penetrate the
skin better than most other AHAs, which is why it’s found in almost
every single product that has AHA, next is lactic acid which is my favorite,
because it’s less irritating on the skin, but works the same way by removing
off the top layer of skin cells to reveal fresher brighter and plumper skin underneath,
it’s a popular alternative to glycolic because it works in the same way, but it is milder and it works more to
moisturize the skin while it exfoliates, so lactic acid is sometimes
derived from milk but don’t worry it’s nothing
like the smell of sour milk, because that’ll be bad, so the one that
I always mentioned in all these videos is the Ordinary lactic acid, it’s got 10% and it’s really hydrating, it tingles a little bit but that’s
completely fine when it comes to AHA, your skin gets used to it, so next
we have mandelic acid which is generally the most AHA
is antibacterial and exfoliating which is great for people who have acne,
and fun fact it comes from bitter almonds, and another popular AHA is malic acid, it’s an AHA that lacks the exfoliating
punch of glycolic and lactic acid but is most often used with other types
of AHAs and it tends to pop up particularly in brightening exfoliants,
and is found in many fruits like apples, so to sum up they do two and a half main things,
to resurface the overall texture of your skin, and then also even out the skin surface,
and what’s the half, The half is the brightening, you can find in
some of these exfoliating acids, yeah because if you think about it, if it sheds the outermost top layer of dead skin,
it naturally does brighten because your new skin is fresh, so which ones are your favorites, my favorite is the REN
skincare, the AHA toner, it’s amazing every
morning if I don’t use it, I can just tell the pores of
my face, and yeah I can feel it, and then there’s the Sunday
Riley good genes, it’s definitely on the very
expensive side, but it’s worth it, so for good genes,
I use it in the mornings at night, and there is a slight tingling because of
the lactic acid within the products, and I’ve also been trying Herbivore prim
exfoliating glow potion, which I used mostly at night, and I think it’s like a serum that goes before
the moisturizer and all the other stuff, and then that one doesn’t
really tingle as much, it’s like a very fluid liquidy for dry skin,
so I have three that I really love using, because I use them all at night,
so it’s like overnight when your skin regenerates, and in the morning it’s
like when you can tell, when it’s like either like
wow or not right, so one of my favorites is the Farmacy
honeymoon glow serum, there is a tingling feeling, especially if you have any open wounds, like if you have an active pimple, and
you like spread it all over the face right, it starts to like tingle a little
like burn slash tingle, but it’s fine because it’s like
subsides after a little bit, often times when I use these AHAs, I try to keep the moisturizer
quite basic, same yeah, nothing with mole-like acids on it,
because I just feel like it’s too much, yeah moisturizers without any
active ingredients that like do stuff, the second thing that I really like
is from Drunk Elephant, it’s the TLC Framboos
glycolic night serum, and this is got 12% AHA and
also BHA, it’s a blend, and every time I feel like my face is congested
with breakouts especially in the chin, I go straight towards this,
this is another serum, compared to the honeymoon glow,
it’s not as like ravishing the next day, but it helps to really calm down my skin,
so the last one is from Origins, the one I just mentioned before,
it’s the High-Potency Night-A-Mins, and this is the oil-free resurfacing cream
with fruit derived AHA, and this is a sleeping mask,
I really love sleeping mask, because you just pop it on like a moisturizer I
wake up and you’re like bing bing in the morning, okay so BHAs they’re
beta hydroxy acids, and I’m gonna pass on to
Fel because it’s her gem, it’s what she uses, yeah because
BHA the main one is salicylic acid, and any of you who’s had acne, we all know what salicylic acid is, okay but mainly because you know
how AHA was water soluble BHA or salicylic acid is oil soluble, so because it is oil soluble, it can penetrate deeper into your pores and break down the sebum that’s
causing inflammation and breakouts and hormonal acne it’s the only thing
that can actually help in the pores, so that it can dissolve that tastes like
sebum that’s clogging your pores, which actually is the cause of breakouts, it’s also anti-inflammatory, so in a nutshell BHA basically goes
where AHA’s can’t go which is into the deep crevices of your pores, and to dissolve all the nasties
and the oils that causes breakouts, yeah actually AHA and BHA
work in different ways, and they could be used together, and my favorite toner is
actually from Innisfree, it’s the bija skin toner
and it’s got salicylic acid, so you just use this like
any other toner, put it on a cotton pad and
swipe it all over your face, and it just really calms down
any of the inflammation like pimples that are coming up, like as soon as you feel like there’s bumps
and you’re oily especially in the summer or hormonal, I’ll like tend to gravitate
towards these things, so for the longest time I always
associated salicylic acid with acne, so I just didn’t ever yeah but then
doing research and you know making this video, I realize it’s actually hydrating and
moisturizing and it doesn’t do the things that I thought it did, I thought it was like really drying
and like I should stay away from it, one thing I’ve been loving is the
Herbivore resurfacing clarity mask, and there’s AHA and BHA,
and every time after I use it, my skin can breathe again and it’s
just so clear and bright automatically, and then I usually follow up with
a clay mask and a sheet mask, so one of the few affordable options that
we haven’t tried but we hear great things about is the Cosrx blackhead power liquid which has BHA in it as well as Paula’s
Choice skin perfection 2% BHA liquid, if you guys have tried the Cosrx once, we realized while researching, there are so many, same thing with the Ordinary too, The Ordinary actually has all
AHA all the acids you can think of, leave us your comments and tell us
which ones are good for you if you use them, whether it’s Ordinary or Cosrx. Sharing is caring, so but now if you
guys think this is wonderful, it’s so good for your skin is something
that you’ve definitely want in your life, there’s a couple of tips, so the first one that we have is that
it’s best to find these like a AHAs or BHAs that are leave on
treatments or formulas, because if it’s something like you
can find them in cleansers, you can find them in these things
that you can wash off, but because they are acids, it does take time for it to
penetrate into your skin, so it’s important to find something
that you can leave on your skin, that’s why for me I love it in a
serum form and a mask form, and then second thing is of course read
the labels before you use any of these acids because there are in very detailed
instructions of how to use it, what to do what not to do, because the differences of percentage
will actually be like high concentration, so it might be more stronger,
and you want to leave that on for less time, even if you have a pimple that’s kind of dead, you put it on and it still burns
after you wash your face, so just like leave that area just go around it, and then that goes to like the next point
of these acids are supposed to burn a little like slight tingling for the
first like three to five seconds, it’s very normal, but then if it’s prolonged burning
after like a minute or two, wash it off if like if you feel like it’s it’s not
the tingling sensation you’re used to or it doesn’t feel right or your
skin turning red, wash it off, so the most important thing for you guys
who are just starting out with these chemical exfoliants is you want to build it up slowly, so just use one product at the beginning, see how your skin reacts to it, first read the label, because for example a toner, the Krave, on the bottle that says
use two to three times a week, so that might be because the
concentration is a little bit higher, it’s a little bit more intense,
so you can’t use it every day versus something like the Ordinary because
they also incrementally go up in percentages, you can use the lower one every day, but also it like depends on are
you using this for the first time versus having to use this for
like months already, so if you’re starting out, it’s recommended to just do it
maybe like try it one night, and then leave like at least a day
or two before you use it again, just to see how your face
and your skin reacts to it, and you want to probably start off with
the least concentrated version at the beginning, do not go in and by the Drunk
Elephant Sukari Babyfacial, your face will be burn off,
you’ll be like what is life. if it’s a sleeping mask, obviously you don’t use a
sleeping mask every day, so that’s more of like two
times a week type thing whereas if it’s in a toner or a serum
maybe you can use that more but just filled it up incrementally, and your skin will start changing itself , and another thing to note is if you’re
already using brushes or things like physical exfoliants, be mindful of how you’re using
that in tandem with the acids because you’re just gonna be like
triple exfoliating your face, so anyway we hope you guys now know
a little bit more about chemical exfoliation physical exfoliation, what these like weird AHA BHA
terms really mean because they are really great
for your skin, so if you guys have any
questions about anything, or you want to just share
your experiences tips, yeah leave them below, and then also
make sure you check out our merchandise, support our beauty within family, join the family, and also join
the channel membership, like comment and subscribe,
all that fun stuff , thanks for watching and we’ll see
you in the next video bye.

100 thoughts on “Exfoliating Acids in Skincare Routine: Beginner’s Guide to Chemical Exfoliation (AHA & BHA)”

  1. I might've missed it in the video but there is no harm in asking all of you reading this: can I use a salicylic acid cleanser (The inkey list) and a glycolic acid toner (Th ordinary) together? I've being using the cleanser for a month now and I really wanna incorporate a good AHA toner. Thanks 🙂

  2. Wow, your review is really what I'm looking for! I was thinking to try on Herbivore Lapis oil for a long time and then i find your video and it is so so useful for me! Thank you and continue what you're doing <3

  3. I use Alpha H liquid gold Glycholic and will purchase the ordinary salicylic for break out time. If you use acids the main thing is to hydrate your skin. So on alternate nights, I use a vitamin serum followed by an intense moisturizer like mirenesse treatment cream or my perfect cosmetics night cream. During the day if you go outside you must wear a moisturizer with at least factor 30 in it because your skin becomes so much more sensitive to the sun. In Australia, you really ought to be using a factor 50. I use Alpha h factor 50 and also asap factor 50 under makeup.

  4. I’ve just found your guys channel and I’m obsessed. your content is amazing and what I believe the beauty community should be and use to be.

  5. Hi if my toner(Sk ii clear lotion) already contains salicylic acid and lactic acid , can i still use The Ordinary Lactic Acid at the same time?

  6. Okay so i really hope someone answers!! I’ve been using a cream and face wash that my doctor gave me to treat acne, i used to struggle with mild acne but now my skin is mostly on the clear side. However, it’s still textured like i have littlw bumps on my forehead and my pores are huge and blackheads. I just got the ordinary glycolic acid 7% or something like that but idk how to really use it, do i put it on after using my normal wash (which is a drugstore one) and then put on my prescribed cream for acne?? I just don’t know lmao

  7. You both are so cute😍 can you also please give more information on the peeling exfoliation like the body shop glow revealing one? Are they really effective?

  8. I think it's very important to note that naturally derived AHA does not necessarily mean that it is any safer or gentler than synthetic ones!

  9. I use glycolic 5% once a week (leave-on toner), and I have to remove it after about 5 minutes with Micellar water. If I leave it on, or use more than once a week, I get redness and a rash! I have stupidly sensitive skin, and have done since I was a newborn! I use a menthol stick on my forehead for headaches, and it makes my skin peel – using glycolic is so satisfying to get rid of the peeling skin. Great video xxxxx

  10. Your videos are so useful, thank you so much for the work you do here.
    I have 2 questions: Can I use The Lactic Acid combined with Rethinol? Or which are the steps I should follow not to make any worse to my skin?

  11. I was planning to buy the REN AHA Tonic. Does anyone know if I can mix it with Retinoid, Hyaluronic Acid or L-Ascorbic Acid?

  12. I've got a question. Is it safe to use AHA or BHA toner after using an oil cleanser (very low %)? I'm reading the oil cleanser could help remove those awful blackheads but not really sure If i can follow up with acid exfoliation

  13. Are there any good chemical exfoliants for the body ? I always hear about products for the face, but never for the body :[

  14. That's what I needed actually, cause I am thinking about starting chemical exfoliation soon. Thank you for this initiation 😁

  15. Thank you so much, both of you!! really love your videos. I learn so much. 😍😍😍 keep on sharing, im still a begginer.

  16. I am obsessed with you guys because I’m a skincare addict!! I just had a question. Can I use Mandelic acid and Niacinamide together?

  17. You guys should try Natural Aqua Gel from Cure. It’s a brand from Japan and the number 1 exfoliator in there. It’s a gel, no beads. I don’t know if it’s physical or chemical exfoliator though

  18. May I use the The ordinary Glycolic Acid toner with the Cosrx blackhead liquid that you mentioned on this video? Because both have low percentage of the acid….. Please help me with that question 😘😘😘

  19. Spend 2 weeks eating 3-4 servings of actual grapes each day and see what it does to your skin from within. —You're welcome!

  20. You guys really make a nice video. Love the content, but also your discussion part, the infographic, bare faced applying skincare shots, all these are gold! I’m a new fan!

  21. I have a question. When using chemical exfoliator do we have to rinse it off with water or does it need to stay in our skin?

  22. I’m using the ordinary 5% lactic acid, I have combination-dry skin, it says to use it every day at night, but since I also use a foreo, I will only use it 3 times a week to start off with

  23. I like using BHA’s for blackheads and AHA’s for whiteheads. The brands I use are Paula’s Choice and Alpha Skin Care. They’re formulated at the correct PH and don’t contain irritating ingredients.

  24. Neutrogenia. Not the Blackhead Clearing Lotion that has alcohol, there’s a second one that’s alcoholic free w/ salicylic acid as the first ingredient.

  25. Can I use the ordinary peeling solution and after tone my face with the ordinary toner or is that too much ? Please I need to know ☹️

  26. Loved it😍 my favourite toner is @somebymi 30 day miracle toner it has AHA BHA & PHA
    It really does transform your skin 😍 but it’s not helping me with brightening

  27. I’ve never used an acid exfoliant. Im Considering using the ordinary AHA + BHA peeling solution because I have very textured skin, acne prone, sun damaged, skin lumps from past pimples, hyper pigmentations and discoloration.
    Please what’s your opinion on purchasing the product?
    I’m 18 by the way

  28. Hi, how often can I use a aha/bha toner? Im planning to buy the cosrx aha/bha clarifying toner and use it as my exfoliator. I'm using thayers witch hazel as my toner right now.

  29. New subscriber here 🙋‍♀️ Can you make a video of moisturizers that are “basic” and okay to put on next to AHA/BHA toners? I got an oily-sensitive skin….so afraid to put something right after the AHA/BHA 🙈

  30. I'm using an AHA exfoliant as a toner. It doesn't string when I put the toner on, but it will string a bit when I put on my moisturizer. Is it working or is it because my moisturizer isn't good for me?

  31. is there a way to permanently remove and avoid whiteheads and blackheads from your nose?? Because whenever i use biore nose strips after 1 day they all come back im like wtf, i just cleaned my pores yesterday

  32. Help. Guy here, I bought the Cosrx BHA . How long am I suppose to leave it on my nose/face? Is this like a lotion that I just put it on in the morning ?? Thanks

  33. Thank you so much for your tips and info in this video! I have rosasea and can't use physical exfoliants and haven't figured out what else I can use yet.. this has definitely helped me figure out what acids to look for, and in what forms I want them in 🙂 thanks a bunch!

  34. I have actually just purchased the ordinary lactic acid 10% and the glycolic acid toner, and I was just wondering if I would be able to use them both, or if that would over-exfoliate my skin? I also use the clean and clear blackhead eraser which is salicylic acid, I'm not very sure if that would be an exfoliator… please inform me

  35. I’ve literally commented on your videos TWICE and sent in an email through your website asking if you’re licensed skincare experts with no response. I was genuinely interested in the content but wanted to make sure I was taking advice from a true expert(s). To anyone who sees this, be very wary of people who post things like this with no backing to their claims.

  36. You guys say that walnut shell particles in scrubs are a bit hatch and can cause microtears… would you also say that for coconut shell powder???

  37. Hi. I have query. Is it okay to use chemical exfoliants as leave-on products e.g in toners? Won't they cause skin irritation?

  38. Please tell me that can use AHA/ BHA and Niacinamide on the same night or can I layer them together? 🙏 Thank you 💕

  39. I have an overnight exfoliating treatment with 10% BHA and AHA in it, and I don't know exactly when to use it in my evening skin care routine. Is it on its own, after a toner or can we use a moisturizer on top of it ?

  40. So i recently got myself a AHA toner containing glycolic acid 5% and I'm a bit scared to use it. I'm going to do it at night with a a cotton pad and see how it goes! ❤️ This was helpful thanks.
    Trying for the first time

  41. lactic acid is derived from trapped people on treadmills in factories where they b attaching IVs to their calf muscles

  42. My favorite aha/bha products I’ve used that seem to work for my combination skin are the honey moon glow serum every night and the ordinary aha/bha peeling solution 1-2 a week it’s one of my holy grail products. I’ve found it’s completely evened my skin texture and tone and made my skin baby smooth and radiant.

  43. There are four forms of chemical exfoliation. AHA, BHA, retinoids , and protolytic enzymes. We could also add high percentage urea.

  44. Is it normal for salicylic acid to cause bumps? I feel like it accentuates my sebaceous filaments. That’s why I don’t use it

  45. i'm currently using TO lactic acid 5% for about a month now, but my question is, should I rinse the acid (wipe with toner) after leaving it on my face for a few minutes, or just proceed with moisturizer?? Because i've heard both options but I really don't know which one is correct.

  46. Hi! Does the membership avoids the advertisings? I can’t concentrate with the continous interruptions! Thanks!

  47. I have the ordinary aha 30% & bha 2% mask and a physical exfoliant from face shop. Is it safe to use both or should I just stick to one? And is it also okay to use retinol after acids?

  48. I saw that you were using the body shop’s liquid peel, I was considering to buy this product until I saw it contains alcohol denat. I thought this kind of alcohol was bad for the skin. Is it ok to use occasionally?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *