Greatest Inventions You Still Use From Ancient Egypt

Greatest Inventions You Still Use From Ancient Egypt

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Here are some of the best inventions from
Ancient Egypt! 11 – Breath mints & Toothpaste
Many ancient Egyptians had to deal with deteriorating teeth, partly because of their diet, which
included plenty of honey and sugar! As you can imagine, bad breath was a problem,
especially for the nobles and royals who considered themselves ‘pristine’. The solution came in the form of the first
breath mint, made from a combination of myrrh, cinnamon, and frankincense. These ingredients were often boiled together
in a honey base and then shaped into pellets for easy consumption. While the breath mint pretty much just covered
up some bad breath, the ancient Egyptian knew that they actually had to clean their mouths
too. The world’s oldest known recipe for a toothpaste
comes from Egypt. According to the recipe that dates from around
5000 BC, the earliest known toothpaste was made of powdered ashes of ox hooves, myrrh,
powdered and burnt eggshells, and pumice. I’m happy that THAT recipe was updated throughout
the years! Along with the Babylonians, ancient Egyptians
are also credited with inventing the first toothbrushes, which were frayed ends of wooden
twigs. Yeah, glad this was updated as well! 10 – Door locks
The oldest known evidence of a door lock comes from the ruins of an ancient Egyptian palatial
complex, dating from around 2000 BC. The design entailed a simple but effective
pin tumbler lock. The bolt that secured the door is made out
of wood. It has a slot with several holes on its upper
surface. A device attached to the door contained wooden
pins which would drop into the holes and secure the bolt. The key, also wooden, is a large toothbrush–shaped
object, with ‘bristles’ that were actually the pegs that matched the holes and pins in
the lock. To open the door, the key would be inserted
into the keyhole located below the pins and lifted, raising the pins and allowing the
bolt to be slid out. Does that seem like it sounds familiar? That’s because incredibly enough, the core
design element of the pin tumbler lock is still in use today!!! 9 – Papyrus
Along with the Mesopotamians, the Egyptians were one of the first people to develop their
language into a codified form of writing. All early forms of writing were pictograms
– pictures. But since you need something to write on,
instead of taking all day to etch on a piece of stone, there came papyrus. The word “paper” comes from the Greek
word papyros, or as we write it today, papyrus, the writing material created by the ancient
Egyptians. Papyrus was made from the tough and fibrous
interior of a stiff, reed-like plant that grew, and still grows, in marshy areas along
the banks of the Nile. But, you also need ink to write right? Yeahhhh the egyptians knew how to make their
ink strong. Evidence of ancient Egyptian ink can still
be seen today, as thousands of years later, the ink is either entirely or partially visible
on manuscripts. They mixed soot, vegetable gum and beeswax
to make black ink. To get other colors, they replaced the soot
with other organic materials, such as ocher, which made red-colored ink. 8 – Irrigation systems
To make the best use of the waters of the Nile river, the Egyptians developed systems
of irrigation that allowed the Egyptians to use the Nile’s waters for a variety of purposes. Of course, irrigation granted them greater
control over the land. Really, how else would they be able to plant
things if the Nile is either flooding constantly or there’s zero water for crops to grow? But by doing the irrigation systems, they
were able to divert flood water away from certain areas, such as cities and gardens,
to keep them from flooding. The Egyptians also developed and utilized
a form of water management known as basin irrigation. This practice allowed them to control the
rise and fall of the river to best suit their agricultural needs. A crisscross network of earthen walls was
formed in a field of crops that would be flooded by the river. When floods that would inevitably come, the
water would be trapped in the basins formed by the walls. This grid would hold water longer than it
would have naturally, allowing the earth to become fully saturated for later planting. Once the soil was fully watered, the floodwater
that remained in the basin would simply be drained to another basin that was in need
of more water. 7 – Clocks
In order to tell the time Egyptians invented two types of clock – sundials and water
clocks. Hold up, what’s a water clock?! We’ll get to that in a minute! The oldest known sundial is from egypt. Obviously, it’s a device that uses the sun
to measure time. There were many kinds of sundials used in
the ancient world, but one of the best-preserved sundials found from ancient Egypt consisted
of a flat base with twelve lines projecting from a hole that held an upright wooden or
metal bolt. As the bolt’s shadow moved across the lines,
the time could be told. As sundial technology continued to be improved,
the ancient Egyptians were even able to tell which were the longest and shortest days of
the year. But what happens at night, when the sun goes
down? The Egyptians read the time using water clocks
at night. It was made from a stone vessel shaped like
an inverted cone, that had a tiny hole at the bottom to allow water to drip. The water dripped from the hole at an almost
constant rate. Along the inside of the vessel, columns of
equally spaced markings allowed a person to tell what the hour was by the level of the
water. I’m gonna have to say that’s definitely
ingenious right there! 6 – Calendars
In ancient Egypt, a calendar could mean the difference between feast and famine. Without a calendar, ancient Egyptians had
no way of knowing when the annual flooding of the Nile would begin. Without that knowledge, their entire agricultural
system would be put at risk, so a few thousand years before the common era, they developed
their own calendar. The ancient Egyptian calendar was a solar
calendar with a 365-day year. Their calendar was so closely tied into farming
that the Egyptians divided it up into three main seasons: inundation, growing and harvest. Each season had four months, with each month
divided into 30 days. However, if you add it all up, you only get
360 days a year, a bit short of an actual year. To make up the difference, the Egyptians added
five days between the harvest and inundation seasons. These five extra days were designated as religious
holidays set aside to honor the children of the gods. 5 – Farming tools
The Ancient Egyptians famously farmed the black soils of the Nile Delta, an area with
little rainfall that was irrigated by seasonal floodwaters. Ancient farmers living in Egypt used a number
of tools to farm this land, many of which are still a part of agriculture and gardening. Ancient Egyptian farmers used a number of
tools to work the soil of the Nile Delta. Some of these are in use today, such as sickles,
hand plows, and pitchforks. A lesser-known tool called the shaduf, still
used in some parts of the world, was important for irrigation. The Egyptians and Sumerians were among the
first societies to employ the use of the plow around 4000 B.C. Built from modified hand
tools, the plows were so light and ineffective that they are now referred to as “scratch
plows” for their inability to dig deep into the ground. The whole concept of the plow changed around
2000 B.C., when the Egyptians first hooked their plows to oxen. The plow, combined with the steady rhythm
of the Nile River, essentially revolutionized the process and made farming much easier for
the Egyptians! 4 – Scissors
Many people mistakenly give credit to Leonardo da Vinci for inventing scissors. Although da Vinci was brilliant, scissors
were around for a long time before he came around. Ancient Egyptians created a scissors-like
device around 1500 B.C. They were a single piece of metal, typically
bronze, and made into two blades that were controlled by a metal strip. The strip kept the blades apart until they
were squeezed together, and each blade was sharp enough to do the cuts. However, pivoted scissors of bronze or iron,
in which the blades were pivoted at a point between the tips and the handles, essentially
the direct ancestor of modern scissors, were invented by the Romans around 100 AD. These scissors entered common use in not only
ancient Rome, but also China, Japan, and Korea. 3 – Make up & wigs
Egyptians appeared to care a great deal about the way they looked. Pharaohs had their own hairdressers and manicurists,
and cosmetics was apparently big business back then. In ancient Egypt, cosmetics were widely used
by both men and women. Black eyeliner was applied daily and ocher
was applied for rouge. Oils and creams, often scented, kept skin
moist in the dry climate. Sometimes cosmetics were even given as part
of their wages! But make up alone wasn’t enough and wearing
a wig signaled a person’s rank in Egyptian society. Although a shaved head was a sign of nobility
during most of the Egyptian kingdoms, the majority of Egyptians kept their heads covered. Wigs were worn in place of headdresses or,
for special occasions, with elaborate headdresses. The base of an Egyptian wig was a fiber-netting
skullcap, with strands of human hair, wool, flax, palm fibers, felt, or other materials
attached. The wig hair often stuck straight out from
the skullcap, creating large, full wigs that offered wearers protection from the heat of
the sun. I wonder how comfortable these wigs were! 2 – Prosthetics
Surprising as it may be, we may have to thank Ancient Egyptians for the prosthetics that
are around today! Two artificial Egyptian toes were found and
researchers have suspected that those are the world’s oldest known prosthetic body parts. One of the toes is a 3,000-year-old wooden
prosthesis, which was found attached to a female mummy in an ancient Egyptian grave
site near Luxor and was determined to be from between 950 to 710 BC. The toe has been made of cartonnage, a sort
of papier maché mixture made using linen, glue and plaster. Because of the precise construction of the
ancient prosthesis, researchers guessed that the owner, a priest’s daughter, wanted the
toe to look as natural as possible and be comfortable to wear. A study suggests that that was really the
case. Two volunteers who were both missing their
right big toe tested the replicas of the ancient toes. The toe replicas, along with replicas of the
leather Egyptian style sandals, were made to fit each volunteer. Results showed that the prosthetics would
have made walking around in Egyptian sandals much easier, suggesting they weren’t just
used in burial or in some other non-practical way, but in fact, worn as actual prosthetics! 1 – Surgery
The Edwin Smith Papyrus is a comprehensive medical text on surgery from Ancient Egypt
that was written around 1600 BC. This document was named after the dealer who
bought the manuscript in 1862. The document may have been a manual of military
surgery, as it describes how to treat injuries, such as fractures, wounds, and dislocations. It’s the world’s oldest known surgical
treatise and is 15.3 feet in length. The front side has 377 lines in 17 columns,
while the backside has 92 lines in five columns. The vast majority of the papyrus is concerned
with trauma and surgery, with short sections on gynecology and cosmetics on the back. On the front side, there are 48 cases of injury. Each case details the type of injury, examination
of the patient, diagnosis and prognosis, and treatment. The papyrus begins by addressing injuries
to the head, and continues with treatments for injuries to the neck, arms and torso,
detailing injuries in descending anatomical order, much like a modern anatomical exposition. Definitely probably pretty handy to have in
order to treat soldiers with serious injuries! Here’s what’s next!

14 thoughts on “Greatest Inventions You Still Use From Ancient Egypt”

  1. Toothpaste?!? Who knew 😂 Thank you PW! Now I can look all intelligent & proper clever at quizzes 😂😂👍❤️❤️

  2. "BREF" Mints? You black people say the weirdest and most retarded shit. Maybe that's WHY you all need them "BREF MINTS" hmmmmmmmmm…. 😂👌 Dummy.

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